File Form 1099-Q, Payments From Qualified Education Programs (Under Sections 529 and 530), if you (a) are an officer or an employee, or the designee of an officer or employee, having control of a program established by a state or eligible educational institution; and (b) made a distribution from a qualified tuition program (QTP). A trustee of a Coverdell education savings account (ESA) must file Form 1099-Q to report distributions made from Coverdell ESAs.
Do not file Form 1099-Q for a change in the name of the designated beneficiary on a QTP account if the new beneficiary is a member of the former beneficiary's family. For a Coverdell ESA, the new beneficiary must be a member of the designated beneficiary's family and be under age 30 (except beneficiaries with special needs).
Family members of the designated beneficiary include the beneficiary's spouse. Also included are the beneficiary's children, stepchildren, foster children, and their descendants; siblings and their children; parents, their siblings, and ancestors; stepparents; in-laws; the spouse of any of the foregoing; and any first cousin of the designated beneficiary.
Furnish Copy B of this form to the recipient by January 31. File Copy A of this form with the IRS by February 28. If you file electronically, the due date is April 2.